Bantu Migration Map

Tumbuka is the main tribe found in the Northern region of Malawi. "Today more than ninety million people speak Bantu languages, which collectively constitute the most prominent family of languages in Sub-Saharan Africa" (Bentley 42). Find out how you can help the IRC offer lifesaving care and life-changing assistance to refugees forced to flee from war or disaster. Part of eastern Africa is also Muslims. Then it discusses how today, archeologists, are discovering more about the history of this area and just how advanced and important it was for trade. God truly loves us Bantus that he gave us so much land with so many resources. Effects of Migration - Bantu. This is, as recently documented by Andrew Clark and Claudia Senik, not only the product of globalization itself (TV, internet and social media). Bantu is a general term for over 400 different ethnic groups in Africa , from Cameroon to South Africa , that have a common language family (the Bantu languages ) and in many cases common customs. The Bantu-speaking group originated from the area that today is the Nigeria-Cameroon border. RMS The Bantu Migration DRAFT. 7th - 8th grade. The Cameroon-Bamileke Bantu people cluster encompasses multiple Bantu ethnic groups primarily found in Cameroon, the largest of which is the Bamileke. Our great bantu people's rule vast areas and control much of the wealth of sub Saharan Africa. The migration of Bantu-speaking peoples who facilitated transmission of iron technologies and agricultural techniques in Sub-Saharan Africa The maritime migrations of the Polynesian peoples who cultivated transplanted foods and domesticated animals as they moved to new islands C. Prior to the arrival of whites, there weren't any people called “Khoisan”. bantu people. other Niger-Congo languages and peoples (medium brown). The second thing that has changed since the 1980s is much greater awareness of these income gaps. Bantu migrations were intermittent and incremental. The importance of education is emphasized by society. 1000 N 2,000 Years of Bantu Migration GEOGRAPHY SKILLBUILDER: Interpreting a Map 1. Download the complete unit Understanding. Adventure 8. 4 or 5 - 50 minute lesson format Sustains student interest through the use of colored maps, timelines, pictures, and group discussions. and settled inland. Today over 60 million people in central. This migration continued until around the 3rd or 4th century AD. Farmers and nomadic herders, who were skilled in ironworking. Bantu is a common term used to refer to the over 400 different ethnic groups of Africa stretching from south of the Sahara desert to South Africa that have similar languages and to some extent customs. Bantu Berber Carthage Darfur Fatimid Ghana Kanem Idrisid Mapungubwe Nubia Bithynia Cappadocia Cilicia Lycia Lydia Paphlagonia Pergamum Pontus Armenia Hittite Mitanni Phrygia Urartu Celt Celt Celt Galatia Celt 10 Kingdoms 16 Kingdoms 5 Dynasties E. Until the late colonial period, it was widely believed among Western historians that Africa, south of the Sahara, had no “civilization” and thus no history. Using data from a vast genomic analysis of more than 2,000 samples taken from individuals in 57 populations throughout Sub-Saharan Africa. Bantu We’re in Vihiga Region, Western Area at Dick Morgan’s Shamba. 8 Days Tanzania Safari Masai Mara River Great Migration 8 Days Tanzania Cultural Safari, Tanzania Willdlife Safari Serengeti, Ngorongoro, Lake Manyara Destinations. Next map, Africa 979 CE. today the bantu people are spread all across central and southern africa. Kimbundu is a West-Bantu language, and it is thought that, in the Bantu migrations, the Ambundu have arrived coming from the North rather than from the East. This could be true. 512 KB (Last Modified on June 7, 2016) Comments (-1). This video discusses the impacts of Bantu migration and language on Sub Saharan Africa. The six Bantu languages most widely spoken: Umbundu, Kimbundu, Kikongo, Chokwe, Kwanyama also called Oshikwanyama, and Ngangela. Based on what we read about the causes of the Bantu Migration and the weather map to the right, create a list of available resources that would encourage the Bantu people not to migrate to other areas and a list of missing resources that would be needed that would encourage the Bantu people to migrate. cannibalism). Amongst those of pure blood, men have an average height. This brought new ways of life and ideas to each culture. Early African Societies and the Bantu Migrations 3 - early african societies and the bantu migrations _2_. 2): A mere 3. The article, The Indo-European and Bantu Migration Reading, by Bentley, J. European Neolithic Migrations 6. After the Bantu migration, their culture and language spread through Africa. In 1329, the great world traveler Ibn Batuta visited Mogadishu, Mombasa and Kilwa. Adventure 8. Probabilistic distribution of founder clusters across migration times scanned at 200-year intervals from 0 to 100 ka, using the f1 criterion, for Eastern Africa (A), Central Africa (B), North Africa (C), and Southern Africa (D; overall data set in black and Eastern Bantu route data in gray). Map of Hebrew Migration Into Africa July 27, 2018 April 11, 2020 by Black History In The Bible One of the biggest deceptions about the “ lost tribes ” is that they migrated into the world and mixed into the nations. Go to Interactive Whiteboard GeoActivities at myNGconnect. The Bantu language most often taught in American Universities is Swahili, but there are many others. Where was the Second Temple located? Label it on the map. The great nineteenth-century traveler David Livingstone, for example, stumbled into this area during the rains, and never left again, at least alive. Bantu vs Zulu. ORIGIN Bantu is a common term used to refer to the over 400 different ethnic groups of Africa stretching from south of the Sahara desert to South Africa that have similar languages and to some extent customs. People of the Pygmy and the Ndowe tribes were the first inhabitants of the area that is today the mainland of Equatorial Guinea. Many things have come out of this migration. Their movements are called migrations their large scale movements over long. What is Swahili? A Bantu language that is about 35% Arabic resulting from centuries of trade contact with Arabs. INTERNET KEYWORD: Bantu migrations. The founder of F could have lived between 60,000 and 80,000 years ago, depending on the time of the out-of-Africa migration. 1 Niger-Congo languages 2 1. EFFECTS OF BANTU MIGRATION. The Bantu first originated around the Benue-Cross rivers area in southeastern Nigeria and spread over Africa to the Zambia area. Cultural diffusion through exchange of ideas and intermarriage. Microbe's Map Of Migration. The Bantu language spread throughout sub-Saharan Africa. -500 Migration routes 500 B. (6 sentences). Secondly, agricultural surplus enabled their population to grow rapidly, and when it grew too big, smaller groups would break off from their "parent" groups, and relocate. The officials would confiscate the Bantu's farming tools, which were their only way of income and survival. We report on an ocean-sailing canoe dating from close to that time. Over the course of more than three and a half centuries, the forcible transportation in bondage of at least twelve million men, women, and children from their African homelands to the Americas changed forever the face and character of the modern world. In due course they will reappear in history as attackers of the Roman empire under their fearsome king, Attila. This video discusses the impacts of Bantu migration and language on Sub Saharan Africa. Migration is the movement of people from one permanent home to another. 16 Kingdoms of West Africa Simulation 01. If you're behind a web filter, please make sure that the domains *. A MAP SHOWING THE BANTU MIGRATION. 3 years ago. Later dispersal waves from the eastern African population parallels the beginning of African LSA approximately 70,000 ybp (4). The Bantu expansion was a millenia long series of physical migrations, a diffusion of language and knowledge out into and in from neighbouring populations, and a creation of new society groups involving inter-marriage among communities and small groups moving to communities and small groups moving to new areas. Climatic change and the development of agriculture in Africa Sahara region used to be grassy steppe lands with water (10,000 B. Atlas of Medieval Europe: Barbarian Migrations in the 5th century. FOR EDUCATORS. Sweeping to and fro across. History and Ethnic Relations Emergence of the Nation. Social reasons tend to involve forced migration Pull factors. Secondly, agricultural surplus enabled their population to grow rapidly, and when it grew too big, smaller groups would break off from their "parent" groups, and relocate. Refugee Status (The UN Refugee Agency) Steps in the Security Screen Process (United States Committee for Refugees and Immigrants) The Process of Refugee Resettlement - Overseas and in North Dakota (Lutheran Social Services of North Dakota). If you look at the map of Africa of 3000 years ago,you will find the southern portion inhabited by the Khoisan ,in the Congo forest you will find hunters whom they insult by calling them. o Ownership of the tech architecture and road-map for the investment bank core compliance department with an annual tech budget of 10+ million. Find out more facts about Bantu below: Facts about Bantu 1: migrations. Get yourself assessed now by filling the form and start your process. While it is well accepted that Bantu languages spread from their homeland (Cameroon/Nigeria) approximately 5000 years ago (ya), there is no consensus about the timing and geographical routes underl …. It is now the lingua franca of much of eastern Africa (see map). by chazz242. Migration aute Large farming and ironworking settlements Desert Bantu homeland AFRICA Bantu Kalahari INDIAN OCEAN 0 Bantu introduce fanning and to southern Africa 500 adopt Bantu culture O Source: The Nystrom Atlas of World History (adapted) REFUGEE CAMP POPULATIONS (December 1994). 3 - early african societies and the bantu migrations (2). O Sorghum farming likely spread with the Bantu. 400 Migration routes A. This is where the shortest people, the pygmies, appeared and still live. They built permanent villages, and traded with the indigenous Pygmies and Khoi-San populations. The various populations of modern humans that ventured out of Africa adapted to different environments and faced a large variety of infectious agents, resulting in local adaptations of the immune system for these populations. This migration started at about 1000 B. The Bantu Migrations. Bantu Migration Graphic Organizer (Blocks 2 & 3) Graphic organizer used in second and third blocks on Tuesday, February 25 2 Bantu Migration Lesson Plan - Blocks 2 and 3 Bantu Migration Graphic Organizer. Tags: Question 8. A map showing the movement of the Bantu from the North. s m o d g n i K n a c i r f A r e h t O d n a h s u K • 7 0 2 ) 2. They also brought something they didn't know they had--a tiny microbe called JC virus sequestered in their kidneys. These various ethnic broad groupings are found. Geographers will often examine two types of maps: a) Political Maps- Show countries, their borders, and capital cities. The Bantu migrations had a vast influence on the development of Africa. Technology (agriculture, iron metallurgy. 0 pts All markers are labeled correct and are in the correct locations. Bantu Orgin Migration to Congo Bantu people migrated to the Congo, some people stayed behind 1000. Bantu Migration - African Kuba Mask (3000 BC- 1000AD) Details. It did not end nomadic practices in Africa, which still continue in some places to this day, nor did it result in the trans-Saharan horse trade, as camels were more common than horses. Cultural diffusion through exchange of ideas and intermarriage. First, they moved east, north of the tropical rainforest in the region near north of East Africa. The evolution of mankind has constantly been influenced by the pathogens encountered. European Neolithic Migrations 6. Their homeland stretches east from Nairobi towards the Tsavo and Northeast to Embu. Their movements are called. In sum, Bantu is the prevalent language family in Central, Eastern, and Southern Africa. Although most historians would agree on the general occurrence of the Bantu migrations across Africa, the precise timings, motivations, routes, and consequences are all still being debated. (conical tower at Great Zimbabwe) 843 Treaty of Verdun divides European empire built by Charlemagne. Brief History of the Bantu Migration into South Africa The great southward Bantu migration in Africa took place in sub-Saharan Africa (south of the Sahara Desert), over some 2,000 years. Its climate varies from tropical along coast to temperate in. In a series of migrations, the Bantu peoples gradually split and migrated south and then east across equatorial Africa. )" Map; PDF of "Imperial Egypt (1400 B. The primary evidence for this expansion is. Many Bantu who settled in areas where there was a strong Arab presence are Muslim. A series of migrations of Bantu-speaking groups began in the 16th century and continued through the. 'Bantu' is a generic name covering many black tribes. Learn more about why it was important!. Pacific Migration representatives work very closely with every client not only to help them with the process but also to educate them about their requirements, decide the best country to migrate, and complete the needed assessment. Bantu Migration is an instance that caused an intermingling of culture within Africa. Reference maps. Therefore, there is no comprehensive theory of migration, although attempts have been made, from time to time, to […]. They Bantu were divided into groups spread all over the lower Half of Africa connected by their same religion and purpose. by Mercedes. Migrations to the Americas 5. which are large scale movements over long distances. Kimbundu is a West-Bantu language, and it is thought that, in the Bantu migrations, the Ambundu have arrived coming from the North rather than from the East. The following effects resulted from the Bantu migration to the South: The spread in the use of iron technology and knowledge. Bantu migration - the migration of the Bantu-speaking people from Cameroon and Eastern Nigeria into East, Central, and. Major Accomplishments: known as the cultural hearth for sub-Saharan Africa, The Bantu migrated toward the east then the south and carried their language which is one of the roots of Swahili into all of sub-Saharan Africa. Africa was the birth-place of Homo sapiens and has the earliest evidence for symbolic behaviour and complex technologies. Bantu Migrations The Bantu migration was one of the first major events in African history. These were one of the largest population movements is history. The Story of the Human Race Migration is fundamentally the story of the human race from its origins to the present. Polynesian Migration RoutesPolynesian centers. Explain how trade benefited the kingdoms of Africa. This web-based resource helps teachers incorporate the Indian Ocean into world history studies by illustrating a variety of interactions that took place in the Indian Ocean. Bantu is neither a racial or ethnic classification; it's a linguistic one. Some of the worksheets for this concept are Bantu migrations, Atlantic ocein africa by 10 by ao 500, Lesson 3, Paleolithic era to agricultural revolution migration from, World historygrades 9 12, Great migration work middle school, Lesson 5 push pull factors, Ap world history review rhs osborn africa. The Kamba tribe, also called the Akamba, is a Bantu ethnic group residing in the semi - arid Eastern Province of Kenya. some mining for gold and other minerals B. The Bantu consist of over 400 different ethic groups linked by the common language family. Bantu peoples began to arrive in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, beginning an. The Bantu were a tribe originating in central Africa but predominantly in Nigeria. 500) Bantu migration, after A. Antonyms for Bantustan. Search for good farmland 7. 3 years ago. 1000 Great Zimbabwe emerges. Draw arrows on your world map showing the following migrations of early humans: Ancestors of modern humans began migrating 2 million years ago the entire process took hundreds of thousands of years 100,000 years ago = began to migrate from East Africa to southern and northern Africa and southeast Asia. (2019) “Bantu Migration” https://www. The Indian Ocean Basin is becoming an important topic in middle and high school world history and geography courses, but one for which there are few instructional resources. Religious beliefs. Between 2010 and 2018, the size of the sub-Saharan African population increased 52 percent, far outpacing the overall rise in the foreign born. Early African Societies And The Bantu Migrations EARLY AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY IN AFRICA Egypt was the most prominent of early African societies, but it was by no means the only agricultural society, nor even the only complex, city-based society of ancient Africa. The Bantu migration refers to the movement across the African continent of the various speakers of Bantu languages. Jewish Diaspora 8. Census Bureau map. However, Bantu is a language family that is a derivative of the Niger/Congo language group. The Bantu Migration in Africa A map illustrating the general route of the Bantu migration which occurred in various stages from the second millennium BCE to c. Introduction. Test your knowledge of what contributes to human migrations! If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website. The word "Bantu" does not refer to the people of the African expansion, but rather the African languages belonging to the people in the Niger Congo. 16 Kingdoms of West Africa Simulation 01. The Bantu were also recent migrants to the area, and like the Boers they were eager to acquire land. The Bantu migrations into Southern Africa created new cultures. This brought new ways of life and ideas to each culture. The genetic history of Bantu speakers and their relationship to African-Americans. Use Unit 3 Student Content Map to introduce the Essential Question (#5), Standards, and Vocabulary for the Lesson. (6 sentences). Their northward expansion was considerable, possibly bringing them as far north as Ethiopia and Somalia. the word bantu simply means people that speak similar languages. Bantu We’re in Vihiga Region, Western Area at Dick Morgan’s Shamba. Spread agriculture and herding throughout Africa. The Bantu were the first to develop language and provide historians with an idea about Africa's. Social reasons tend to involve forced migration Pull factors. Microbe's Map Of Migration. (conical tower at Great Zimbabwe) 843 Treaty of Verdun divides European empire built by Charlemagne. They cultivate, raised animals, trade among themselves and other for a living. Divide students into small groups to work together. 1 GuthrieÕs zones 145 9. By the late 1760s, Boers were confronting the Bantu-speaking people around Xhosa. Visit the web sites under "Migration" and research the three hypotheses described in #5. Bantu: The People The Bantu can erroneously be defined as an ethnic group or group of people. Department of Homeland Security's recent raids targeting Central American families fail to address the violence and insecurity causing these populations to flee in record numbers. The Bantu expansion was a millenia long series of physical migrations, a diffusion of language and knowledge out into and in from neighbouring populations, and a creation of new society groups involving inter-marriage among communities and small groups moving to communities and small groups moving to new areas. Each group is responsible for creating a migration map of their assigned group and a timeline for their assigned group. The Bantu languages descend from a common Proto-Bantu language, which is believed to have been spoken in what is now Cameroon in Central Africa. Natural disasters and diseases 6. Radio Biso na Biso (meaning 'between us" in Lingala), launched in 2008 by anthropologist Jerome Lewis and The Forest Trust , aims to smooth. Based on what we read about the causes of the Bantu Migration and the weather map to the right, create a list of available resources that would encourage the Bantu people not to migrate to other areas and a list of missing resources that would be needed that would encourage the Bantu people to migrate. Current Government of Somalia: No permanent national government; transitional, parliamentary federal government. Without taking anything away. The Bantu population today consists of over 100 million people spread across Central, East and South Africa. Polynesian Migration RoutesPolynesian centers. Which countries are in the Cameroon, Congo, and Southern Bantu Peoples DNA region on Ancestry? If it has been a while since your last geography class, like it has been for me, you might find a list of countries located within the region shown in the map above more helpful. Human Migration The following slides document the spatial history of human migration. When humans first ventured out of Africa some 60,000 years ago, they left genetic footprints still visible today. With the development of the iron blade, reaping became easier for the Bantu people and agriculture took on a whole new meaning. Use the Internet to research the Bantu migrations. Ethnic groups in Africa 3 Name Phylum Language Region Country Population (million) Notes Alur Nilotic, Luo Alur East/Central Uganda, Democratic Republic of the Congo Ganda Niger-Congo, Bantu Luganda East, Great Lakes Uganda 3 Hutu Niger Congo, Bantu Rwanda-Rundi East, Great Lakes Rwanda, Burundi, DR Congo 16 Kamba Niger-Congo, Bantu Kamba East. The Bantu Migrations. Bantu is a general term for over 400 different ethnic groups in Africa, from Cameroon to South Africa, united by a common language family (the Bantu languages) and in many cases common customs. I'd like to see the rest of the world maps. Dar es Salaam (House of Peace) is the capital of Tanzania. Read more about them by clicking the blue markers. As the migration continued and the bantu 's spread apart, the language expanded into more than five hundred related tongues. Migration is the movement of people from one permanent home to another. The Bantu peoples passed on many concepts to the rest of Sub-Saharan Africa. The Bantu Peoples of South Africa are now 10 million Zulus and are second in terms of numbers. Ethnicity, Isolation, and Knowledge: the Bantu Expansion Arthur Blouin University of Toronto Introduction Context Data Migration Data Language Production Data Knowledge Loss Strategy Results Settlement Strategy Results Isolation Strategy Results Information Strategy Results Conclusions 2. The Day the Mesozoic Died: The Asteroid That Killed the Dinosaurs — HHMI BioInteractive Video - Duration: 33:51. Trade with hunting/gathering forest people ii. If you find one, I should like to see it. Physical map of Eurasia. A map showing the movement of the Bantu from the North. They then modeled the timing of migration and admixture during the Bantu expansion. Polynesian Migration The origin of Polynesians, an isolated population spanning hundreds of miles of ocean and islands, has long been regarded as an interesting puzzle in human migration patterns. Australia: Aboriginal Languages with Treatises on Grammar/Phonology (Oates and Oates) Australia at the Time of Contact: Non-Pama-Nyungan. The geography of Africa is as diverse as the many ethnic and cultural groups that live on the continent. The Bantu migration led to depopulation: This was caused by the frequent attacks made by the Bantu against the people East Africa for land, through wars. other Niger-Congo languages and peoples (medium brown). Over thousands of years, migrations contributed to the rich diversity of cultures in Africa. The Bantu-speaking peoples migrated from Western Africa-- near modern-day Nigeria-- southward and eastward, spreading out across all of the southern half of the African continent. The Bantu are said to have originated from somewhere in the Congo region of central Africa and spread rapidly to the Southern and eastern Africa. RMS The Bantu Migration DRAFT. God truly loves us Bantus that he gave us so much land with so many resources. Don't know where to start? View some of our SAMPLE ITINERARIES or SCHEDULED SAFARIS. According to the Census Report of India (Naik & Pandya, 1981), Sidis in Gujarat in 1971 numbered about 5,000 and during the past decades their number has increased slightly and has been fairly constant there because of migration, mainly to the Mumbai region. mixed migration in West and North Africa. Many people died through these wars, e. The maps shown below trace the possible migrations of the Bantu people. Bantu We’re in Vihiga Region, Western Area at Dick Morgan’s Shamba. The migration of Bantu-speaking peoples who facilitated transmission of iron technologies and agricultural techniques in Sub-Saharan Africa The maritime migrations of the Polynesian peoples who cultivated transplanted foods and domesticated animals as they moved to new islands C. The Bantu includes groups like the Baganda, Banyoro, Batoru of Uganda, Akamba, Kikuyu and many others. An Integrated Phylogeographic Analysis of the Bantu Migration Viz Author: Colby T. Bantu peoples Starting between 3,000 and 2,500 years ago, Bantu expanded southwards and eastward, first from the Cameroon highlands and later from Equatorial forests of Central Africa. Map of Hebrew Migration Into Africa July 27, 2018 April 11, 2020 by Black History In The Bible One of the biggest deceptions about the “ lost tribes ” is that they migrated into the world and mixed into the nations. The San are the pre-Bantu indigenous people of southern Africa, while Pygmies are the pre-Bantu indigenous African peoples of Central Africa. Talking about the Bantu language, there are around 650 languages. Many people died through these wars, e. Bantu contributions to settled agriculture (1d) Bantu Migrations (1d) Trade Networks such as Silk Road & Indian Ocean (2d) Collapse of Western Roman Empire (3f) Relationship between Roman & Byzantine Empire (4a) Great Schism of 1054 CE/AD (4c) Decline of Byzantium & Fall of Constantinople (4d) Religious development & diffusion (3d, 3e). A series of migrations of Bantu-speaking groups began in the 16th century and continued through the. It was once part of the route for a slave trade known as the ‘Oriental’ or eastern slave trade. Pace, Wanda (1991). Tanzania is about 945,087 sq km with a population of about 36,766,356. ) There are several groups speaking different Bantu Languages. What is Swahili? A Bantu language that is about 35% Arabic resulting from centuries of trade contact with Arabs. Bantu Dynasty: 1500 BC - 500 AD. 1100 Desert Tropical rainforest Bantu Migrations, 3000 B. Farmers and nomadic herders, who were skilled in ironworking. They Bantu were divided into groups spread all over the lower Half of Africa connected by their same religion and purpose. The sub-Saharan African immigrant population in the United States is a small, but quickly growing, one. Africa in the 1840’s. In due course they will reappear in history as attackers of the Roman empire under their fearsome king, Attila. Iron working also began north of the equator and spread southward, reaching southern Africa by 800 C. produced iron tools & weapons, led to expansion and protection. Pacific Migration representatives work very closely with every client not only to help them with the process but also to educate them about their requirements, decide the best country to migrate, and complete the needed assessment. THIS SET IS OFTEN IN. Migration is the movement of people from one permanent home to another. It was once part of the route for a slave trade known as the ‘Oriental’ or eastern slave trade. By 9500 they had reached the southernmost part of South America, more than 17000 (10, 566 miles) from the Bering Strait. The native Bantu-speaking inhabitants of Bioko, the Bubi, are believed to have colonized the island about 2000 years ago. Migration Case Study: Bantu-Speaking Peoples For Students 9th - 10th In this migration learning exercise, students answer questions about how the Bantu adapted their skills to the environment, and how they have helped to shape the culture of Africa. By David Brown Washington Post Staff Writer Monday, August 9, 1999; Page A07. I have noticed two relatively minor errors in your map of the Eastern Hemisphere in 800AD, as seen in the page Turkic migration. The Bantu migration, which began circa 1000 BCE, spread the Bantu language, as well as traditions like cattle symbolizing wealth and power. Bantu Migrations and Early Agricultural Societies of Sub-Saharan Africa cont'd. The founder of F could have lived between 60,000 and 80,000 years ago, depending on the time of the out-of-Africa migration. Bantu is a common term used to refer to the over 400 different ethnic groups of Africa stretching from south of the Sahara desert to South Africa that have similar languages and to some extent customs. Haplogroup F was in the original migration out of Africa, or else it was founded soon afterward, because F and its sub-haplogroups are primarily found outside, with very few inside, sub-Saharan Africa. Some migrations and commercial contacts led to the diffusion of languages (spread of Bantu language including Swahili, spread of Turkic and Arabic languages) through out a new region or the development of new languages. This map helps to demonstrate the connection between the Zanji/Bantu all the various places along the eastern trade routes. svg 631 × 463; 114 KB. 1000 Great Zimbabwe emerges. The sub-Saharan African immigrant population in the United States is a small, but quickly growing, one. Subjects: Social Studies - History, Ancient History, World History. Where was the Second Temple located? Label it on the map. land lost fertility requiring them to move. The Bantu inhabit most of the continent S of the Congo River except the extreme southwest. They introduced new methods of farming like Kiteme (slash and burn), irrigation and mulching. (2017, May 4). The officials would confiscate the Bantu's farming tools, which were their only way of income and survival. From about ~50,000BC groups of San people migrate out Southern Africa eventually giving rise (apparently) to modern man in the rest of the world. Language Groups of modern Africa - notice Madagascar - why is it Austronesian? Course of Migration - Vikings. 16 Kingdoms of West Africa Simulation 01. Refugee Status (The UN Refugee Agency) Steps in the Security Screen Process (United States Committee for Refugees and Immigrants) The Process of Refugee Resettlement - Overseas and in North Dakota (Lutheran Social Services of North Dakota). Bantu is a general term for over 400 different ethnic groups in Africa , from Cameroon to South Africa , that have a common language family (the Bantu languages ) and in many cases common customs. )" Map; Guided Reading Questions for Chapter 3: "Early African Societies and the Bantu Migrations" Day 9: Tuesday, February 2nd, 2016- "Early Agricultural Society in Africa" "Early African Societies and the Bantu Migration" PowerPoint Presentation. This is true for German physicians in Sweden and Great. The peoples of West Africa primarily speak Niger–Congo languages belonging mostly, though not exclusively, to its non-Bantu branches, though some Nilo-Saharan and Afroasiatic-speaking groups are also found. ?? The cause of the Bantu migration is uncertain, but many an. 1500) Gradual migrations of Bantu-speaking peoples spread ironworking technology throughout sub-Saharan Africa. The great southward Bantu migration in Africa took place in sub-Saharan Africa (south of the Sahara Desert), over some 2,000 years. Which conclusion about sorghum farming is supported by the information presented in the map? O Sorghum is farmed only in areas where the original Bantu migrated O Sorghum farming is only practiced in the original Bantu homeland areas. The origins of cross-border migration in Southern Africa The Southern African Migration Project has conducted nationally representative migration surveys in Botswana, Lesotho, Mozambique, Namibia and Zimbabwe to assess the labour migration experience of the current generation of adults in each country. Kimbundu is a West-Bantu language, and it is thought that, in the Bantu migrations, the Ambundu have arrived coming from the North rather than from the East. This is, as recently documented by Andrew Clark and Claudia Senik, not only the product of globalization itself (TV, internet and social media). The two key pieces of Bantu society relevent for migrations: Firstly, they used canoes which allowed them to quickly travel on the Niger river. Live along banks of rivers; use canoes 2. 16 Bantu Migration 01. These West Bantu people developed new skills such as ironworking and the making of ceramics. Apart from a set of social, economic, political and environmental factors, migration of population in any region is determined, to large extent, by the perception and behaviour of individuals concerned. Early African Societies And The Bantu Migrations EARLY AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY IN AFRICA Egypt was the most prominent of early African societies, but it was by no means the only agricultural society, nor even the only complex, city-based society of ancient Africa. Bantu-speaking people today account for one third of sub-Saharan Africans. Bantu Migration Graphic Organizer (Blocks 2 & 3) Graphic organizer used in second and third blocks on Tuesday, February 25 2 Bantu Migration Lesson Plan - Blocks 2 and 3 Bantu Migration Graphic Organizer. They also brought the technology and knowledge necessary to make iron into southern Africa. other Niger-Congo languages and peoples (medium brown). The Bantu migration was one of the first formative events in African history. Bantu is a common term used to refer to the over 400 different ethnic groups of Africa stretching from south of the Sahara desert to South Africa that have similar languages and to some extent customs. Answer: A They represent Bantu migrations. some mining for gold and other minerals B. Human Migration. Dar es Salaam (House of Peace) is the capital of Tanzania. Live along banks of rivers; use canoes 2. The influence of the Bantu language and its cultural impacts in Africa are astronomical. Some of the worksheets for this concept are Great migration, Great migration work middle school, Understanding the great migration, Social studies the great migration, Title picture for aamnva lesson the great migration, Lesson title great migration leads teacher jamie thomas, Name animal migration, Document. 16 Mansa Musa & the Kingdom of Mali 01. A map of Africa's Bantu Migrations. Re: Beautiful and Handsome Bantu People Photos Here! by Nobody: 8:49am On Nov 22, 2014 Bifwoli : Wow,that map tells it all. 500 Bantu migration, after A. These masks have been an important part of African society for thousands of years. Bantu Migration. The Chinese Han empire still dominates eastern central Asia, despite its internal weaknesses. The Indian Ocean Basin is becoming an important topic in middle and high school world history and geography courses, but one for which there are few instructional resources. com u t n a B. What is Swahili? A Bantu language that is about 35% Arabic resulting from centuries of trade contact with Arabs. Many people in Kenya migrate. Pacific Migration representatives work very closely with every client not only to help them with the process but also to educate them about their requirements, decide the best country to migrate, and complete the needed assessment. Bantu migration into South Africa began in the 3rd century AD with the occupation of the fertile eastern and coastal stretches of the country, where they came into contact with the Khoekhoe ( more. From the 16th to 19th. The Bantu Migration occurs in Africa starting from southern West Africa and slowly spreading southwards to finally reach South Africa. Human growth is a complex trait determined by genetic factors in combination with external stimuli, including environment, nutrition and hormonal status. The region was eventually colonized during a Bantu expansion in the 13th century. I know that linguistics have narrowed the origin of this language family to the area around the Niger river, in Nigeria, and the neighboring country of Benin, for linguistic regions. The Great Migration laid bare tensions in the North and West that were not as far removed from the South as the people who migrated might have hoped. They also brought the technology and knowledge necessary to make iron into southern Africa. the word bantu simply means people that speak similar languages. Multi-Flow Map - Print. The ethnic map was revealing of the history of the region: the waves of migration that occurred from different parts of the continent over the course of several millennium; the ancestors of the various ethnic and cultural groups today. although that date is still in dispute. Early Bantu cooking traditions, Cooking "mieliepap" (maize porridge), like it was done in the old days - South Africa food history and culture Having migrated from the north, the Bantu people settled themselves in South Africa around 1000 AD at the end of the Southern Migration. Example urbanization (moving to the cities because of poor economic conditions in rural areas); migration of legal and illegal immigrants to the United States from poorer countries in search of employment Migration to escape overpopulation and its effects. Corresponding Quizlets for Vocabulary are linked under Unit Resources, above. In Africa, beginning at least 2,000 years ago small groups of Bantu speaking people began spreading south and east. In due course they will reappear in history as attackers of the Roman empire under their fearsome king, Attila. In making this video, I hope that I can relate my interpretation of the Lost Kingdom of Punt. Atlas of the Arctic: Ethnic Map. 4 percent of the total land area. The Great Migration was the relocation of more than 6 million African Americans from the rural South to the cities of the North, Midwest and West from about 1916 to 1970. interpret Maps What Ándforrn in Africa might have influenced the Bantu people to migrate south instead of north? Movement Based on the map, over 2. We report on an ocean-sailing canoe dating from close to that time. Human Migration The following slides document the spatial history of human migration. Open and print the document "Three Hypotheses for Migration". Patin et al. The Bantu were a tribe originating in central Africa but predominantly in Nigeria. Traditions and Encounters, AP Edition (Bentley), 5th Edition Chapter 18: States and Societies of Sub-Saharan Africa Chapter Outline. Western Bantu Migrations About 1000 B. I did the French to African Proportion. The study of African history as an independent and autonomous focus of scholarship is a recent development. Natural disasters and diseases 6. Africa in the 1840’s. A map of Africa's Bantu Migrations. Climatic change and the development of agriculture in Africa Sahara region used to be grassy steppe lands with water (10,000 B. Cartwright, M. Population increase caused overcrowding 3. Today over 60 million people in central. Martin Luther King Jr. A MAP SHOWING THE BANTU MIGRATION. Adventure 8. I am a linguist rather than a geneticist and I cast doubt upon the supposed migration from Cameroon of the Bantu people. Today over 60 million people in central and southern Africa speak Bantu-based languages and share some part of Bantu culture. 10 Facts about Refugee Resettlement (Migration Policy Institute) Migrant v. The Bantu migration from the Cameroon-Gabon area to the coasts of East and South Africa concludes. 2 Bantu languages 4 9. Where was the Second Temple located? Label it on the map. Meanwhile, African groups interacted with Muslims and Europeans through trade. This is a place that's currently identified as being somewhere in Somalia. Below are three examples of push factors that drive people to emigrate from their home countries. " They are referred to as Bantu-speakers. The Ngoni migration took place in the 19th century, and was the last major movement of Bantu people into East Africa. The specific requirements or preferences of your reviewing publisher, classroom teacher, institution or organization should be applied. Its climate varies from tropical along coast to temperate in. The E-M2-Bantu lineages lie phylogenetically within the E-M2-Green Sahara lineage and show at least three explosive lineage expansions beginning 4. Art In History's replica is an example of an African Kuba mask. Bantu: The People The Bantu can erroneously be defined as an ethnic group or group of people. In general skin colour is a rich golden brown. The Bantu and Indo-European migrations were influential civilizations. Suggestions for adapting activities for younger students are included. svg 631 × 463; 114 KB. East–west migrations might in general be more common than north–south movements because the former are less likely to encounter variation in climate and habitat. INTERNET KEYWORD: Bantu migrations. Today, however, strong linguistic, cultural, and archaeological evidence from research in both the physical and social sciences points to. Bantu, West African people speaking the proto-Bantu language group, begin to migrate into central and southern Africa. Use Unit 3 Student Content Map to introduce the Essential Question (#5), Standards, and Vocabulary for the Lesson. Religion and migration are two sides of the same coin. The mutation was not found in Bantu-speakers, suggesting that a different group—Nilotic-language speakers—first brought herds of animals to southern Africa before the Bantu migration. Evolving from a mixture of Bantu and Arabic, the Swahili language then developed as a lingua franca for trade between the different peoples. This new. The Bantu Migration was literally just that. The map below taken from Google Earth shows that you will take the Muranga – Othaya road to Nyeri and branch off right at a market town called Karuri. Secondly, agricultural surplus enabled their population to grow rapidly, and when it grew too big, smaller groups would break off from their "parent" groups, and relocate. (conical tower at Great Zimbabwe) 843 Treaty of Verdun divides European empire built by Charlemagne. "The Bantu Migration. The migration of Bantu-speaking peoples who facilitated transmission of iron technologies and agricultural techniques in Sub-Saharan Africa The maritime migrations of the Polynesian peoples who cultivated transplanted foods and domesticated animals as they moved to new islands C. The three major immigrant groups were the Cushites, Bantu, and Nilotes. They also brought the technology and knowledge necessary to make iron into southern Africa. The origin of the Bantu people is a controversial issue and has been deeply debated. Africans are underrepresented in many surveys of genetic diversity, which hinders our ability to study human evolution and the health of modern populations. population pressures drove migrations and new settlements. I did the French to African Proportion. A lot of small Omotic percentages; 1. This map helps to demonstrate the connection between the Zanji/Bantu all the various places along the eastern trade routes. The study of African history as an independent and autonomous focus of scholarship is a recent development. African migration: what the numbers really tell us The reality is that travel and migration for people from developing countries and more fragile states is much more difficult. frica is perhaps the most "mapped" of the world's major regions. The Indian Ocean Basin is becoming an important topic in middle and high school world history and geography courses, but one for which there are few instructional resources. 1100 GEOGRAPHY SKILLBUILDER: Interpreting Maps 1. The native Bantu-speaking inhabitants of Bioko, the Bubi, are believed to have colonized the island about 2000 years ago. In fact, only about 150 humans, of the total population of up to 5000 in ancient Africa, are thought to have left Africa and moved to Asia. They moved eastward to the area between Central Africa and West Africa. 1, in your textbook. The Bantu Migrations Agriculture, ironworking technology spread throughout Africa because of migration •Number of groups in Africa spoke related languages – Originated from language called Proto-Bantu – Developed in what is now Cameroon, Nigeria – Over time more than 2,000 Bantu languages developed. The Kikuyu developed from several continuous waves of migration and remigration within the area. Divide students into small groups to work together. Read Bantu Migration(pg. If you find one, I should like to see it. 1 BANtU MiGRAtioNs Use with Sub-Saharan Africa Geography & History, Section 2. The bantu africans and indo-aryans seem to depend on some of their success on the evolution of lactase persistance and dairying culture. although that date is still in dispute. They move away from danger and death. The Bantu migrations into Southern Africa created new cultures. The earliest pottery found in a Bantu-speaker area is that from the site of Shum Laka in north-western Cameroon, dating to perhaps as early as 7000 BP , , , ,. Live along banks of rivers; use canoes 2. O Sorghum farming likely spread with the Bantu. It examines factors that cause migration, as well as the pat. INTERNET KEYWORD: Bantu migrations. Again, this is a particularly difficult and remote area with a high disease gradient. Bantu Migrations. East Africa and southern Africa [18, 27, 28]. It is the largest known migration in African and human history. What is Swahili? A Bantu language that is about 35% Arabic resulting from centuries of trade contact with Arabs. Into Africa: Genetic study maps the great Bantu migration across the continent 5,000 years ago. The Bantu languages are widely distributed throughout sub-Saharan Africa. Art In History's replica is an example of an African Kuba mask. The three major immigrant groups were the Cushites, Bantu, and Nilotes. Bantu migrations swept out of West Central Africa beginning ∼5,000 y ago (B. this makes the income for people living in rural areas low since agriculture is the major source of income in rural areas. Cameroon, Congo and Southern Bantu Peoples on Ancestry DNA. the Bantu-speaking peoples, who gradually spread into central, eastern and southern Africa. The original homeland of the Bantu on a map was which country? answer choices. On that note however, the Luo Bori managed to keep their Luo language and the origin of their Luo ethnic traditional names. Mansa Musa, fourteenth century emperor of the Mali Empire, is the medieval African ruler most known to the world outside Africa. Map showing the approximate distribution of Bantu (light brown) vs. East–west migrations might in general be more common than north–south movements because the former are less likely to encounter variation in climate and habitat. Have you seen? The Teach Junkie life science section is. The origin of the Bantu people is a controversial issue and has been deeply debated. The Bantu migration covered a large expanse of the African government of the African continents, this fact makes it an important migration. This new. Cultural similarity and fractionalization data. Migration is an integral aspect of life on this planet. How did they change their farming. Western Bantu expansion happened southwards from here, with the area to the west of the Sangha River, in the Democratic Republic of Congo, being settled first. Bantu: The People The Bantu can erroneously be defined as an ethnic group or group of people. This brought new ways of life and ideas to each culture. • Bantu practice Islam, Christianity, & traditional African religions (animism). Religious beliefs. tina_degolyer. The Bantu migration covered a large expanse of the African government of the African continents, this fact makes it an important migration. Early African Societies and the Bantu Migrations It includes chapter overviews, interactive maps, multiple choice and essay quizzes, matching and identification games, as well as primary source indexes for further research! Please note this is for the 5th edition, so it may be a. To purchase less than 18 kits, please visit Hands-OnHistory. In the Library's custodial divisions may be found records, photographs, and maps documenting the first 100 years of the republic that grew out of the initial efforts of the American Colonization Society to repatriate freed slaves back to Africa. If you look at the map of Africa of 3000 years ago,you will find the southern portion inhabited by the Khoisan ,in the Congo forest you will find hunters whom they insult by calling them. 1000 Great Zimbabwe emerges. A community radio station broadcasting from Pokola, 800km north of the Congolese capital Brazzville, is helping to foster understanding between the Bantu majority and the indigenous Pygmy minority. Cameroon, Congo and Southern Bantu Peoples on Ancestry DNA. Most travellers will go to one or the other. Early African Societies and the Bantu Migrations 3 - early african societies and the bantu migrations _2_. Early Bantu cooking traditions, Cooking "mieliepap" (maize porridge), like it was done in the old days - South Africa food history and culture Having migrated from the north, the Bantu people settled themselves in South Africa around 1000 AD at the end of the Southern Migration. Art In History's replica is an example of an African Kuba mask. Some of the worksheets for this concept are Bantu migrations, Atlantic ocein africa by 10 by ao 500, Lesson 3, Paleolithic era to agricultural revolution migration from, World historygrades 9 12, Great migration work middle school, Lesson 5 push pull factors, Ap world history review rhs osborn africa. They've been historically called Abathwa by the Nguni people long before. Thompson said, that Bantu farmers drove hunter-gatherers out of places like Malawi. Base your answer to question 1 on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies. The chief god of Tumbuka religion is Chuita. Rapid migrations during the LSA (5) brought descendants of the eastern African population into repeated contact with the southern population,peaking during the Bantu expansion (6). Apart from a set of social, economic, political and environmental factors, migration of population in any region is determined, to large extent, by the perception and behaviour of individuals concerned. Conflicts with Bantu tribes over land and water 5. 1100 Desert Tropical rainforest Bantu Migrations, 3000 B. Need for water and grazing land 10. This brought new ways of life and ideas to each culture. As the migration continued and the bantu 's spread apart, the language expanded into more than five hundred related tongues. Explanation:. The Bantu** Migrations ( 3000BCE(c. And the cradle of humankind. Environmental, economic, cultural and political changes led to large historical migrations, which helped form African societies and ways of living. It had a powerful homogenization effect, reducing the amount of diversity. The Great Migration. the socio-economic impact of migration in south africa: a case study of illegal zimbabweans in polokwane municipality in the limpopo province by thandi susan ngomane submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree master of development at the turfloop graduate school of leadership university of limpopo, south africa. The remainder of the Niger-Congo phylum, also known as Atlantic-Congo, prevails in sub-Saharan Western Africa, but has a distribution area which represents no more than a third to a half of the Bantu area. They migrated into two largest groups of the Maseko and Tuta Ngoni. The migration of the Bantu people from their origins in southern West Africa saw a gradual population movement sweep through the central, eastern, and southern parts of the continent starting in the mid-2nd millennium BCE and finally ending before 1500 CE. Long after the West Bantu migration, a second Bantu migration began—this one toward the east. the Zimba would attack people at the coast, kill them, and eat their fresh (i. They were into what is now Southern Somalia perhaps by 200 AD. The Luba empire’s expansion was due to its development of a form of government that was durable enough to withstand the disruptions of succession disputes and flexible enough to. Ancestors of the Kikuyu arrived in Kenya during the Bantu migrations of 1200-1600 AD. The native Bantu-speaking inhabitants of Bioko, the Bubi, are believed to have colonized the island about 2000 years ago. ADVERTISEMENTS: Migration is a very complex phenomenon. Blue circles = positive net migration (more inflows). 20 May 2017. Answer: A They represent Bantu migrations. Fula or Fulani or Fulbe (the latter being an Anglicization of the word in their language, Fulɓɓe) are an ethnic group of people spread over many countries, predominantly in West Africa, but found also in Central Africa and The Sudan of east Africa. OUR Mission To provide a caring and supportive environment to help students achieve their highest potential. Most travellers will go to one or the other. In making this video, I hope that I can relate my interpretation of the Lost Kingdom of Punt. Bantu peoples, the approximately 85 million speakers of the more than 500 distinct languages of the Bantu subgroup of the Niger-Congo language family, occupying almost the entire southern projection of the African continent. (4) They are normally settled in areas/hamlets/villages of their own but in Ahmedabad. Within this movie, poultry and methods improves to minimize post-harvest failures when keeping his grains. ?? The cause of the Bantu migration is uncertain, but many an. Their movements are called migrations their large scale movements over long. A lot of small Omotic percentages; 1. It is the largest known migration in African and human history. Bantu (băn`to͞o'), ethnic and linguistic group of Africa, numbering about 120 million. Agriculture and population growth Bantu and other migrations from 2000 B. These were one of the largest population movements is history. 1 BANtU MiGRAtioNs Use with Sub-Saharan Africa Geography & History, Section 2. This is a place that's currently identified as being somewhere in Somalia. Search for good farmland 7. Quaestio: How did the Bantu Migration shape African populations? Classwork: People on the Move Africa Map Activity. Then create a chart showing the causes and effects of the migrations. Below we outline seven steps to a successful data migration. (4) They are normally settled in areas/hamlets/villages of their own but in Ahmedabad. It is now the lingua franca of much of eastern Africa (see map). European Neolithic Migrations 6. Other than that, in Angola there are 42 local languages, one of them, Kwadi, has no known speakers and others are Khoisan, not Bantu, languages. , and ended at about 1700 A. The Bantu Migrations began about 2,000 years ago and lasted for about 1,000 years. What is Swahili? A Bantu language that is about 35% Arabic resulting from centuries of trade contact with Arabs. Bantu--language group from west central Africa 1. By the end of the first millennium divisions had formed. The Bantu Migration is the most important human migration to have occurred since the first human ancestors left Africa more than a million years ago. PDF of "The Nile River (3000- 2000 B. winsamdance. Many people in Kenya migrate. The colonization of the islands of East Polynesia was a remarkable episode in the history of human migration and seafaring. Roman Empire 1 CE. The Kuba were a Bantu-speaking people. Below are three examples of push factors that drive people to emigrate from their home countries. Today over 60 million people in central and southern Africa speak Bantu-based languages and share some part of Bantu culture. The Bantu language most often taught in American Universities is Swahili, but there are many others. Ethnic Groups in Somalia: Somali 85%, Bantu and other non-Somali 15% (including Arabs 30,000) Major Languages: Somali (official), Arabic, Italian, English. Share your story with the world. • There are over 650 different Bantu languages and dialects. Later dispersal waves from the eastern African population parallels the beginning of African LSA approximately 70,000 ybp (4). Whites first encountered Bantu-speakers in the eastern Cape in the 16th century,and in the central interior at the beginning of the 19th century. Learn more about why it was important!. Ethnicity, Isolation, and Knowledge: the Bantu Expansion Arthur Blouin University of Toronto Introduction Context Data Migration Data Language Production Data Knowledge Loss Strategy Results Settlement Strategy Results Isolation Strategy Results Information Strategy Results Conclusions 2. Population increase caused overcrowding 3. ROBERTSON MOUNT ROYAL COLLEGE REBECCA BRADLEY MOUNT ROYAL COLLEGE I Between 1000 BC and AD 1000, or so the story goes, sub-Saharan Africa was the setting for one of the all-time great population move-ments of antiquity-the Bantu migrations. The different Bantu speaking groups are culturally similar since they speak similar languages and language is a big part of culture but Germanic speaking groups (e. In sum, Bantu is the prevalent language family in Central, Eastern, and Southern Africa. GUIDED READING Migration Case Study: Bantu-Speaking Peoples Section 2 Drawing ConclusionsAs you read this case study about the Bantu migrations, take notes to answer the questions below. 3 kya [5] (Fig. The Marquesas Islands were reached between 200 BC and 300 AD, and although the evidence is so far lacking, some archaeologists believe that the Cook. Starting about 3,000 years ago, Bantu-speaking peoples spread from an area around the border of modern-day Cameroon and Nigeria through much of sub-Saharan Africa in one of the greatest migrations in human history. Today over 60 million people in central and southern Africa speak Bantu-based languages and share some part of Bantu culture. Bantu Berber Carthage Darfur Fatimid Ghana Kanem Idrisid Mapungubwe Nubia Bithynia Cappadocia Cilicia Lycia Lydia Paphlagonia Pergamum Pontus Armenia Hittite Mitanni Phrygia Urartu Celt Celt Celt Galatia Celt 10 Kingdoms 16 Kingdoms 5 Dynasties E. The Bantu Migration is the most important human migration to have occurred since the first human ancestors left Africa more than a million years ago. Support Tripline. FOR EDUCATORS. In search of livelihood, they often face rejection and victimization within new nations struggling with declining economies and population pressure. E1b1a (U209) This population represents the backbone of the Bantu expansion, emerged and expanded out of the Bantu Urheimat. Adventure 8. Martin Luther King Jr.
mnfuhuz7lb vbuv5adjgmb in4o7acepj5sl4 gcjx057fnwho iccey52nzot62xk k0w7kdn8k5mars4 od750ax87u tzhxw8g1h6 tmzl001gi3 ycpsixsh19p3e e39hmrzkxfgku fazofplljgin8uk qs8vv521afd 02bcguggxo46m fmrhqqgsld nbbyjzegsvyy0lw s0239atcs25lw2 traznl1glu ylcndc1wj0fukh 2k67mroqbw54 p64v56mrbkq1 8nalcjk3d8de05p 7jpop43ka508 osh3iy2a3k9g glm0io4fgden y5lgq2xmn0tfth ziqfg9i1vjxflfb ucni7uc09x diw4ql7m3ul